How To Read Python Input As Number

Python's input() function reads any input as a string by default. Therefore you need to manually convert it to the actual data type you'd like to use. Here is how to read input as an integer:

number = int(input("Enter a number:"))

Pretty simple, right? All we did is to wrap the usual input() function in the int() constructor. Running this command will prompt us with the message "Enter a number:". After the user inputs a number, input() will read it as a string, and the int() will convert that string to a base-10 integer. In the end, we'll have the integer value of the input stored in the number variable:

>>> number = int(input("Enter a number:"))
Enter a number:6
>>> print(number)

Alternatively, you can also read different base numbers by passing one additional argument into the int() constructor:

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number = int(input("Enter a number:"), 2)

This will read a base-2 value from the input, convert it to the base-10 number and assign that value to the number variable.

Additionally, you can read float numbers in the same manner as previously shown:

number = float(input("Enter a number:"))

Advice: For more in-depth overview of how to get the user input in Python, read our "Getting User Input in Python" article.

Last Updated: July 22nd, 2022
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